New Article Published
Our article on the link between ER stress, inflammation and STAMP2 expression/function is now published in Metabolism (2019).
Chronic ER stress and dysfunction is a hallmark of obesity and a critical contributor to metaflammation, abnormal hormone action and altered substrate metabolism in metabolic tissues, such as liver and adipocytes. Lack of STAMP2 in lean mice induces inflammation and insulin resistance on a regular diet, and it is dysregulated in the adipose tissue of obese mice and humans. We hypothesized that the regulation of STAMP2 is disrupted by ER stress.
3T3-L1 and MEF adipocytes were treated with ER stress inducers thapsigargin and tunicamycin, and inflammation inducer TNF?. The treatments effect on STAMP2 expression and enzymatic function was assessed. In addition, 3T3-L1 adipocytes and HEK cells were utilized for Stamp2 promoter activity investigation performed with luciferase and ChIP assays.
ER stress significantly reduced both STAMP2 mRNA and protein expression in cultured adipocytes whereas TNF? had the opposite effect. Concomitant with loss of STAMP2 expression during ER stress, intracellular localization of STAMP2 was altered and total iron reductase activity was reduced. Stamp2 promoter analysis by reporter assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation, showed that induction of ER stress disrupts C/EBP?-mediated STAMP2 expression.
These data suggest a clear link between ER stress and quantitative and functional STAMP2-deficiency.